Stop Praising Kids with “Good Job”!
How ineffectively praising kids can hurt more than help
By Alex Flanagan,
I recently sat at a little league game and heard parents yell “Good job,” when a little boy hit a home run and “Good job” when another little boy struck out. I thought to myself, NFL coach Gus Bradley would certainly have something to say about that.
The former Jacksonville Jaguars coach and current Chargers Assistant coach shared with me how he consciously took “good job” out of his vocabulary a long time ago. Instead he likes to compliment the players he coaches for their effort and prefers the phrase “I’m excited for you.” It allows the player to own their accomplishment. It might seem like a small nuance in successful communication and confidence building, but it’s much more than just that.
Can you count how many times you hear parents praising kids with a “good job,” yelled out at a youth sporting event? Most of us do it to show support, but really, to tell someone they are doing a good job means you are making a judgment that something is good instead of bad. It automatically implies there is a right and a wrong way.
A child who hits a home run technically did do a good job. He scored a point, which is the object of the game; therefore, he performed the job well and did it right. A child who strikes out didn’t do a good job. He actually failed. So, telling him, “Good job” would be lying, especially if you are like me and what you really want to say is:
“I feel horrible everyone in the stands is silent and looking at you and me with pity because you’re the only one on the team that can’t hit the ball!! Oh dear! I don’t want you to cry tonight after the game. Please don’t refuse to come to the next game because you now hate baseball.”
I’m not suggesting you blurt that out, but believe it or not, it might actually be less damaging than throwing out a misplaced and meaningless, “Good job.” Here is why…
5 reasons you should only say “good job” when you mean it:
- Children who receive positive feedback focused on outcome instead of behavior learn to rely on their parents for validation instead of figuring out how to trust and listen to their own feelings. You want your child to feel good about themselves without depending on anyone else’s approval, even yours.
- Kids aren’t dumb. Telling them they’ve done a good job when they just struck out seriously diminishes your credibility and relegates your future comments, even worthy “good jobs,” to background noise.
- Children need to be able to take pride in their accomplishments and escape feeling judged by their support system when they don’t perform. Notre Dame head coach Brian Kelly taught me this. He once told me it’s critical to the success of his college football players to have people in their lives who, they believe, love them just the same after a big loss as a big win.
- If your goal is getting your kids to play better, believe it or not, too much praise can actually repel motivation and confidence. Multiple studies show rewarding effort encourages kids to try again, while praising outcome makes them feel that if they can’t live up to the expectation, they would rather just stop trying. Telling your child they are doing a good job makes them less likely to try something for fear they might not be good at it.
- Rewarding good behavior by articulating the behavior, teaches children how to do that behavior again. Just saying “good job” doesn’t give them any specifics. Providing positive reinforcement by saying things like, “I like how tough you were” or “I liked that you don’t give up and that you showed good sportsmanship,” increases the chance they will repeat that behavior.
The next time you find those two little words, “Good job,” flying out of your mouth ask yourself if that is really what you are trying to communicate. If it isn’t, replace it with something else like, “I’m excited that you…. (Fill in the blank with whatever it is that your child did that you liked.)” Because lets face it, when our kids grow up and strike out in real life, it’s unlikely people will be clapping and telling them they did a good job.
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Alex Flanagan co-founded I love to watch you play in 2015. She was flying home from an NFL work assignment when a learning specialist, who was sitting next to her, shared 5 reasons she shouldn’t feel guilty missing her son’s game. She shared their conversation on her own website alexflanagan.com and the response was so overwhelming it inspired her to c0-create ILTWYP to help parents like herself navigate youth sports.